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  • April 05

     
  • April 06

  • April 07

  • April 08

  • 09:30 to 13:00 Hrs
    Hall No. 7 - I

    S1

    Water Literacy for All

  • 09:30 to 13:00 Hrs
    Hall No. 7 - II

    BS1

    Role of Water Storage in River Rejuvenation and Sustaining E-Flows

  • 09:30 to 13:00 Hrs
    Hall No. 7 - III

    BS2

    Knowledge Transfer and capacity Building of Water Resources Professionals

  • 09:30 to 13:00 Hrs
    Hall No. 7 - IV

    PD1

    Experiences from Jal Kranti Abhiyan

  • 09:30 to 13:00 Hrs
    Hall No. 8 - V

    SE1

    Dam Safety Management-DRIP Initiative

  • 14:00 to 17:00 Hrs
    Hall No. 7 - I

    S2

    Farmers and Water

  • 14:00 to 17:00 Hrs
    Hall No. 7 - II

    PD2

    Action Plan for Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojna (PMKSY)

  • 14:00 to 17:00 Hrs
    Hall No. 7 - III

    PD4

    Interlinking of Rivers Projects – Achievements and Way Forward

  • 14:00 to 17:00 Hrs
    Hall No. 7 - IV

    PD3

    Water Management – Learning from Ancient Wisdom and Traditional Practices

  • 14:00 to 17:00 Hrs
    Hall No. 8 - V

    S8

    Role of Micro Irrigation in Existing Commands

  • 11.00 Hrs
    Inauguration of Exhibition by Hon’ble Minister at 11.00 Hrs. (Vigyan Bhawan)

    Hall No. 9

S1 Water Literacy for All [Israel/FICCI/CWC(HRM)]

09:30-13:00 Hrs
Hall 7-I

Education is power. When it comes to understanding, managing and using our limited water resources efficiently for the sustainable existence of mankind, education becomes even more powerful. As human being, when we rely on water resources for our very survival, grasping their value as well as the importance of its responsible use is critical. Applying that understanding and making responsible decisions on the natural resources, its conservation, conveyance and usages in various needs are become essential components of the water literacy.

Largely everyone understands that water is essential to life. This understanding is more in institutional manner and less on a scientifically well reasoned manner. Water being a commodity resource helps in public trust. The Government made recommendations to make it available in an equitable and just manner to the consumers. However, a sound understanding of water management at various levels of hierarchy is also important. In this context, the water literacy for all requires to be understood with the role or roles that the individual or groups have to play in respect of water management at the level at which they have been entrusted with the managerial responsibility.

The awareness amongst common people in our country requires an understanding of basic principles governing the availability of water and carrying capacities of the areas in terms of their water requirements. It is necessary to plan out a programme at various levels with different levels of exposition to the basic principles of relevant disciplines like hydrology, geology, ecology, economics, financing, social and political structures and legal aspects. We need to have a graduated approach in bringing this water literacy to various levels of citizenry so that the aspirations and decisions made have an ingredient of essential principles.

Presently our demands are undergoing in revolutionary processes with the improvement of life standards and growth of climate change. Our growth patterns will have to percolates down to the common man so that they can effectively building up the water literacy throughout the country. A multi-disciplinary approach is needed to make this effort a success.

The way China, Chile, Australia, America, Israel etc. have developed its water supply projects are something to learn from. The countries adopted the Public-Private Partnership (PPP) models with tariff settings and controlled and recycled uses of its water resources. One of the ways for India to pursue for promoting water literacy to all is to update the current knowledge base through learning from the good and discarding the bad practices available all over the world, including in India.

In the above context, a seminar session on “Water Literacy for All” has been placed in the IWW-2016 arena aiming to bring all stakeholders together to improve water literacy. It is expected that educational institutions and professionals pertaining to various departments and countries from all over the world will present their experiences and roles for generating a broad approach towards adaptations in building and improving water literacy for the betterment of mankind and its associated ecosystems.

BS1 Role of Water Storage in River Rejuvenation and Sustaining E-Flows [CWC(HSO)/(BPMO)]

09:30-13:00 Hrs
Hall 7-II

India - a developing economy has highly skewed water resources in time and space. With occurrence of about 75% rainfall in the months of July-September, the country has mainly a monsoon based water availability. Even in monsoon months, the actual precipitation occurs only for few days viz 30 to 35 rainy days in Ganga basin and 60 to 70 rainy days in Brahmaputra basin. Though the average rainfall in India is about 1170 mm per year, however, places in north eastern parts of the country have a very high rainfall viz Mawsynram, Meghalaya 11000 mm/year and places in Western Rajasthan get only 100 mm/year. Hence, the storage of monsoon water becomes quite essential to meet the water demand of the country.

In almost all tropical and sub-tropical climates, similar situations are existing with the growth of population and agricultural and economic activities. The stress on lean season flows have crossed sustainability limit and transfer of monsoon surpluses to lean season usages by way of storages and E-flows is becoming more and more relevant.

Implementation strategies for storage creation has come under intense scrutiny and dialogue due to associated problems of land and population displacement and provisioning of environmental flows. Towards this end, the balance between large and small storages and their relevance as a judicious mix for achieving water security and environmental sustainability also needs a facts and statistics based review. The performance evaluation of various types of storages also need to be taken up towards this end. International experience in various basins of the world needs to be dispassionately discussed for finding appropriate solutions in this regard.

River rejuvenation is a central part of the overall plans of the Government of India. Various suggested measures for the river rejuvenation are preparing a river basin plan that guides investment, choices and trade off, real-time water quality monitoring, construction of sewerage networks and sewage treatment plants, riverfront development schemes, solid waste management systems, partner river rejuvenation programme with smart cities programme, engaging and mobilizing all stakeholders of the basins, increasing the non-monsoon water quantity in the rivers through allocation of environmental flows etc.

Considering the spatial and temporal variability of water resources in India, storage of monsoon water at salient locations could be a reliable option for increasing the non-monsoon water quantity for river rejuvenation. The same has been effectively used for rejuvenation of rivers in the basins like Colorado (USA) and Murray Darling (Australia).

It is proposed to discuss storage aspects of river rejuvenation in the brainstorming session that would help in objective analysis of the issues and arriving at the recommendations for addressing the challenges in proper perspective.

S4 Water and Health – Managing Water Quality

14:00-17:00 Hrs
Hall 7-I

Clean, safe and adequate freshwater is vital to the survival of all living organisms and the smooth functioning of ecosystem, communities and economies. Driven by demographic change and economic growth, water is increasingly withdrawn, used, reused, treated, and disposed of. Urbanisation, agriculture, industry and climate change exert mounting pressure on both the quantity and quality of our water resources. Our water resources – green and blue – face a daunting future and the costs of inaction are very high. We are confronted by a combination of escalating water scarcity, increasing demand for clean water, and worsening water quality, which severely restricts water-related human activities, affects human health, and impacts the health of aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. Virtually every corner of the world is exposed to the water pollution challenge. Although improvements have been made in some regions, water pollution is on the rise globally. According to the World Health Organization, water borne diseases account for an estimated 4.1% of the total daily global burden of disease, and cause about 1.8 million human deaths annually. The World Health Organization estimates that 88% of that burden is attributable to unsafe water supply, sanitation and hygiene.

Every day, an estimated two million tonnes of human waste are disposed of in watercourses. Seventy percent of industrial wastes in developing countries are dumped untreated into waters where they pollute the usable water supply. The complexity of the challenge is revealed by the many in different forms that pollution can take the range of pollution sources, and the varying scales – local, regional or global – at which pollution can develop. Lack of monitoring and enforcement also makes it difficult for countries and regions to understand and deal with this challenge. Also declining water quality has become a global issue of concern as human populations grow, industrial and agricultural activities expand and climate change threatens to cause major alterations to the hydrological cycle. Water quality issues are complex and diverse, and are deserving urgent global attention and action

This seminar will draw attention to effective response measures related to water quality scenario, problems, pollution prevention, wise resource use and sound abatement practices and allow for an analysis of the alternatives to improve the current and future water quality problems. Ideas, examples and initiatives will be discussed during the session.

PD1 Experiences from Jal Kranti Abhiyan

09:30-13:00 Hrs
Hall 7-IV

The Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation, Government of India launched a programme to organize “Jal Kranti Abhiyan”, during the period 2015-16 aimed at turning one water stressed village in each district of the country into a water surplus or water secured village.

Under this Abhiyan, it is decided to take up water conservation and water security schemes to ensure optimum and sustainable provision of water to at least one water stressed village in each 672 district of the country ensuring effective involvement of all stakeholders. One village, in every district shall be selected as “Jal Gram”. An index value shall be assigned to each village (mainly based on the gap between demand and availability of water) and the village with highest index value or acute water scarcity condition will be selected as 'Jal Gram'. For the 'Jal Gram', a comprehensive integrated development plan will be framed and several ones launched for converting it into a water surplus or water secured village.

A cadre of local water professional, named as 'Jal Mitra' too will be created under this Abhiyan and they will be given training to create mass awareness about the issues pertaining to importance of water as well as guidance in tackling water supply related routine issues. Associated woman panchayat members shall also be encouraged to become Jal Mitra. A card known as Sujalam Card (with the logo "Water Saved, Water Produced") shall be prepared for every Jal Gram, which would provide yearly status/information on quality of drinking water available for the village.

The “Abhiyan will focus on leveraging various schemes of the Union Government of India as well as the State Government to provide necessary financial and technological inputs for implementing the solutions required for the village. Depending upon the experience generated for the stressed village, the implementation is to be extended to other similar village also. The scheme will generate convergence of experiences for a multitude of agencies and entities and thereby create a holistic solution for the water management at grass root level.

The session will be devoted for presenting the Jal Kranti Abhiyan processes/activities taken for securing water derivable for societal improvement through mass involvement.

SE1 Dam Safety Management-DRIP Initiative

09:30-13:00 and 14:00-17:00 Hrs
Hall 8-V

As part of continuous strengthening of the dam safety management in India, Government of India has taken up the Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP) with World Bank assistance at an estimated cost of Rs. 2100.00 Crore. The project development objectives of DRIP are to:

  • Improve the safety and performance of selected existing dams and associated appurtenances in a sustainable manner, and
  • Strengthen the dam safety institutional setup in participating States as well as at Central level.

The objectives of DRIP are to be achieved through investments for physical and technological dam improvements, managerial upgrading of dam operations, management and maintenance, with accompanying institutional reforms. Further, it is expected that the institutional development activities will lead to an improvement in the system-wide management approach to all dams in the participating states, over and above the focus on the selected dams covered by the project. The project will thus address dam system management in a holistic manner.

The DRIP was taken up for implementation initially in 4 States (namely Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, and Tamil Nadu) and in Central Water Commission (CWC). Karnataka has joined the DRIP in November 2014 as a fifth state for rehabilitation of their dams. Recently Uttarakhand Jal Vidyut Nigam Limited and Damodar Valley Corporation have also joined the DRIP for rehabilitation of their dams under DRIP, and the total targeted number of dams is about 250.

With a view of exploring the available technologies that may support engineering, social, environmental and managerial interventions for dam safety, the Central Project Management Unit of DRIP is planning to organize a Buyers-Sellers-Meet focusing on DRIP. This will be held on April 5, 2016 at Pragati Maidan, New Delhi, as a Side Event of the India Water Week -2016.

Considerable market exists for specialized solution in dam safety management and rehabilitation area. The available group of key decision makers will find the interactions with the potential providers of services and goods very useful.

S2 Farmers and Water

14:00-17:00 Hrs
Hall 7-I

Farmers are the largest consumers of water in irrigation for the fields. Water is a crucial input on which the entire agricultural sustainability is based and hence participation of farmers in the water management activities is of prime importance. Due to ever growing demands and changes in utilisation pattern as well as climate affects the water availability scenarios. Such changes are required to be absorbed by the farming communities in a resilient manner.

Many new and hither to unfamiliar water management practices are being brought in for efficiency improvement and better economies. Orientation to the new techniques, experiences generated and insights gained are required to be disseminated far and wide.

In India, about 60-70 percent of the utilisable water resources of the country is being applied in irrigation purposes and about 40-50 percent of manpower is engaged with agricultural activities. However, still today, there is an agrarian crisis associated with increase in agricultural production costs and decline in profit of farmers. Hence, making the availability of water in correct measures at right time and space matters a lot for making the farming a beneficial one to the farmers.

The over-arching mission of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) of extending the coverage of irrigation “Har Khet ko Pani” and improving water use efficiency by “More Crop per Drop” in a focused manner is a strong move towards building stability to the farmers of India and their livelihood sustainability.

The seminar aims to share the experiences available at farming community as well as individual levels towards changing water availability and improving deployment methods.

BS2 Knowledge Transfer and Capacity Building of Water Resources Professionals

09:30-13:00 Hrs
Hall 7-III

Better management of surface as well as ground water keeping emerging scenarios in this sector- both in near and distant future in sight; Assessment of water quality, and containment of declining water quality of both surface & ground water; International as well as national water laws to deal with water disputes; Policy related issues; Ensuring availability of reliable data; Promotion of the application of state-of-the-art technologies; Planning, construction, and regulation of water resources projects; Environmental aspects of water resources projects; Strengthening of Institutional mechanism to handle water resources matters in holistic manners; and Sensitizing media personnel and others to raise awareness among masses are among many aspects which constitute areas warranting training.

There is a growing need of sustained policy of capacity building of human resources for diverse reasons. Multiple factors influence periodical training, such as staff turnover at regular interval; continual emergence and arrival of newer and sophisticated techniques in WR Sector; its nudging impact on work force; hastening the process of learning; to keep updated the officials about fast emerging challenges besides several others. Capacity building does prepare a battery of inspired, well-informed and skilled officers at diverse locations ready to spread right information. This apart, capacity building process is not as expensive as other measures employed to tackle challenges. In contrast, its overall impact is astronomical, and requires to be pursued in right earnest. It is possible that its impact may not be evident in short run, a continual and dedicated effort as we go along in this direction surely help engineering communities and decision makers to realize any ambitious target.

Experience in capacity building at various levels need to be shared amongst the practicing communities to enable them to leverage the solutions most appropriate for them. Also, with the involvement of modern web based technology and ubiquitous reach of mobile devices with even increasing capabilities, the non-conventional method of knowledge dissemination is to be brought into regular practice. The participants may deliberate on the same during the session.

PD2 Action Plan for Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojna (PMKSY)

14:00-17:00 Hrs
Hall 7-II

Indian economy is highly dependent on the agricultural sector. About 50-60% of the population striving hard to grow the food demands of the country and thereby acquire livelihood and life sustenance. This dependency is best seen in a year, when it receives a below-normal monsoon. Out of the 142 million hectares of agricultural land in India, only about 45 percent has the facilities for irrigation. The rest of the agricultural farm is entirely dependent on rainfall for its water needs. A delay in rainfall or a failure, spells disaster for the farmers and shortfalls in crop, hikes in prices of food items followed by social unrest and economical losses, which adversely affecting the wellbeing of the people and attached ecosystems and overall economy of the country.

Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMKSY) has hence been formulated with the over-arching vision of extending the coverage of irrigation in such a way as to provide required water to every field (“Har Khet ko Pani”) and improving water use efficiency addressing ‘More Crop per Drop' in a focused manner with end to end solution on source creation, distribution, management, field application and extension activities.

The PMKSY has then been framed for amalgamating the ongoing schemes viz. Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP), Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) and On Farm Water Management (OFWM).

Broad objectives of the PMKSY is how to achieve the convergence of investments made or to be made in irrigation at the field level. The district will be considered as a planning unit and a specific plan would be prepared for each one. The plan will ensure convergence of all water related schemes and activities that are available either from the State or Central level and will enable involvement of district level planners into tailoring and focusing on large country level scheme implementation. The scheme thus lays emphasis on cooperative development.

The PMKSY has been approved for implementation across the country with an outlay of Rs. 50,000 crores in five years. The session will be dedicated to project the achievements attained by the PMKSY till date in delivering its vision oriented objectives and way forward for its successful implementation. Suggestions to further improve or augment the scheme will be the desired outcome.

PD4 Interlinking of Rivers Projects – Achievements and Way Forward

14:00-17:00 Hrs
Hall 7-III

Inter Basin Water Transfer (IBWT) or commonly known as Interlinking of Rivers (ILR) Project has been a prime tool in the hands of planners and developers for ensuring water scarcity of large geographical areas. Even at international level, 260 transboundary basins exist, which are not all endowed with uniform resource availability and deployability. Similar is the case with India where – interstate and international basins are present with a wide disparity in terms of demands and water availability depending upon their hydro meteorological and agro climate/industrial and urban context.

When we look at the existing ILR Projects worldwide, it can be seen that those are evolved as an option for balancing the water availabilities and minimizing the gap existing between water demands and supplies. It is reported that there are existing transfers of about 640 BCM of water annually realized from about 230 ILR schemes located in 35 countries of the world. It is also noticed that the roles played by the riparian states/countries of both the donor and recipient river basins/sub-basins in realizing the necessity of ILR Projects and their joint actions for planning, development and implementation followed by management and monitoring of the ILRs are well recognized worldwide. However, there are still apprehensions in the mind set of certain sections of stakeholders on the techno-economical feasibility and socio-environmental viability and sustainability of the ILR Projects and deliberations on their pros-and-cons.

India has also embarked upon the ambitious programme of ILR Projects since 1980. There are many legal, political, financial and technical aspects which need smoothing out before the programme can see the light of the day.

The Panel Discussion session will deliberate on the achievements accrued from the worldwide ILR projects and way forward for effective implementation of ILR Programme of the Government of India and elsewhere in the world. It is expected that eminent experts, professionals and research students would participate and demonstrate their experiences and views and those would pave ways for arriving at fruitful recommendations, good practices and procedures to be followed as a way forward for implementation of ILR projects holistically and sustainably and thereby providing balanced and equitable distribution of river flows for achieving water sufficiency, food security and economical stability prima facie to those regions that are faced with difficulties in getting adequate amount of water at the right time even for drinking and irrigation purposes.

PD3 Water Management – Learning from Ancient Wisdom and Traditional Practices

14:00-17:00 Hrs
Hall 7-IV

Human mankind developed along the water systems for centuries and continued to practice various forms of water management, as water is an essential component to life. Mankind has indulged throughout the history in managing the limited available water resources appropriately to conserve it for their ever increasing demand. Sustainable management of water requires not only the infrastructure (hardware facilities) to harness the water resources and carry it to where it is actually required in a timely manner, but also appropriate institutions, which evolved through participation of people’s groups, so as to manage it with due regard to social equity, economic prudence and ecological sustainability.

Indeed, understanding the heritage and historical practices for water and sustainable development is receiving high attention these days which includes setting up mechanism to properly gather the wisdom of people-centred groups and organizations that have developed their rules, regimes and practices, evolving insights and concepts about water and heritage from a variety of disciplines, policy and public perspectives. This will open the horizon of solutions towards better management, conservation, conveyance and use of water resources. This valuable intangible information on heritage common to humanity needs to be disseminated to the public to build awareness about heritage and learn lessons from these systems that have contributed to peace and socio-economic development in specific regions through sustainable management of water systems for over generations even under pressure from the adverse natural and social conditions. Some examples of global including Indian ancient and traditional water systems are Warabandi in India and Pakistan, and local practices like Ahar-pyne system like in India, Qanat in Iran, Bises in Switzerland, Yutan of China, Komira in Bangladesh, Torisu in Nepal and Kanna in Sri Lanka, etc.

International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage (ICID) has initiated a programme of recognition of the historical irrigation and/or drainage structures (HIS) with the aim of understanding the evolution of irrigation in the civilizations across the globe including understanding their significant achievements and features for their long term. ICID and World Water Council (WWC) are also initiating similar initiative in respect World Water System Heritage (WWaSH) program with the aims at identifying, giving recognition and preserving the people-centred water management systems, organizations, regimes and rules as intangible water heritage considered to be of outstanding value to humanity that creates coexistent social system for humanity and sound environment. The objective of the above initiatives are to (i) gain/learn lessons from these ancient and traditional heritage systems and structures, (ii) disseminate the age-old wisdom gathered through them, (iii) extract new ideas from the wisdom aggregated from the past, (iv) adapt the knowledge suitably in the present context and (v) disseminate it.

Keeping in view the importance of learnings from heritages, ancient wisdom and traditional practices on water management, IWW-2016 is provided with this platform for sharing the knowledge and facilitate deliberations on how the knowledge and new ideas gathered from the global and Indian heritage on water systems and structures can be extracted and adapted in the present context for better and sustainable management of both scarce land and water resources to achieve water security and food sufficiency.

S8More Crop Per Drop - Adoption of Precise Irrigation Technologies

14:00 to 17:00 Hrs
Hall 8-V

Under the principle of “water saved is water created” there would be benefit to the nation in the form of saving in cost or creating irrigation infrastructure for increasing the area under irrigation. The increase in total production and area under irrigation can be achieved by introducing advance method of irrigation like Micro-Irrigation in the existing commands.

Micro-irrigation system consists of application of water in and around the root zone of the plants with network of pipes fitted with suitable emitting devices to achieve high water use efficiency resulting in improved crop yield. Because of high conveyance and application efficiency and low water evaporation, the overall water use efficiency is very high (80-90 %) under drip and (50-60 %) under sprinkler as compared to (30-35 %) with surface method of irrigation. Micro-Irrigation involves mainly two systems as Sprinkler and Drip Irrigation.

The selection of the system depends upon the crop types, techno economic feasibility of the system for the crop, water availability/ constraint conditions, water quality etc. Further the affordability of the farmer for a system is also given due consideration. Many private companies are manufacturing the components of Micro-Irrigation systems (MIS) and are actively involved in installation of MI systems.

Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation is also proposing to introduce Micro-Irrigation systems in large canal commands. Though the linking of major, medium and minor irrigation projects with MIS is technically feasible and profitable, yet the modalities for sharing of the cost involved for creating additional storage structures, pumping and pipe networking etc. have to be worked out. Further crop/ cropping pattern selection and diversification will be the major factors in deciding its economic viability.

This session will deliberate related issues, case studies, success stories, sharing experiences, problems encountered and their possible solutions for integration of existing commands with of Micro-Irrigation systems.